"Bimm-Bill-Dann", Essentuki Mineral Water #20, 1.5L

"Bimm-Bill-Dann", Essentuki Mineral Water #20, 1.5L
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Price: $4.59

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Description

Yessentuki is a city in Stavropol Krai, Russia, located at the base of the Caucasus Mountains. The city serves as a railway station in the Mineralnye Vody—Kislovodsk branch, and is situated 43 kilometers (27 mi) southwest of Mineralnye Vody and 17 kilometers (11 mi) west of Pyatigorsk. 

The mineral waters of Yessentuki were first probed in 1810 by the Moscow doctor Fyodor Gaaz. A detailed study of mineral waters was made in 1823 by the Russian doctor and pharmacologist A. P. Nelyubin, who found twenty more mineral springs on the slopes of the mountain he referred. Yessentuki was recognised as one of the best health resorts for treatment of the digestive organs. In 1846, Prince Mikhail Vorontsov ordered to extend the territory of the Yessentukskaya stanitsa to the north-east to approach the springs.  In 1847, some grounds closely adjacent to the springs were transferred to the newly established state Management of Waters in Pyatigorsk. In the late 1840s, bottling of Yessentuki waters and their dispatch to other cities of the country began. By the early 1870s, regular sale of the water was carried out in most of the large Russian cities. Construction of the Rostov-on-Don - Mineralnye Vody railway in 1875 and the Mineralnye Vody - Kislovodsk highway (via Pyatigorsk and Yessentuki) contributed to increase in the number of guests coming to Yessentuki for treatment. In 1883, the resort was visited by about 5,000 people; in 1900, by more than 13,000; in 1913, by 38,000. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, medical establishments, hotels, and summer residences were intensively built. In 1905, drilling of holes resulted in discovery of new springs (main spout of spring No. 17, new discharges of the water similar to the one of spring No. 4. Fast growth of the Yessentuki health resort in the last third of the 19th and the early 20th centuries attracted famous representatives of Russian culture, including the writers Vladimir Korolenko, Aleksandr Kuprin, Maxim Gorky and Konstantin Balmont; the composers Sergei Taneyev, Sergei Rachmaninoff and Sergei Prokofiev; the singer Feodor Chaliapin; and the theatrical figures Maria Savina, Vera Komissarzhevskaya and Konstantin Stanislavsky.

Balneal Institute was opened. In 1925, the health resort operated 6 sanatoriums and treated the total of about 13 thousand patients. During the Second War of 1941-1945, the health resort was heavily damaged by Nazi occupation and was restored at the end of the 1940s.

In 1991, Yessentuki provided rest and treatment for more than 217,000 patients.  

Of all mineral springs of Yessentuki, about twenty are of medical value. Sodium carbonic hydrocarbonate-chloride (i.e. salt-alkaline) water of springs #4 and #17, which have made the health resort popular, are the most famous and therapeutically valuable. The water of springs #4 and #17 and their analogues are used for peroral treatment. Carbonic hydrogen-sulphide water of holes #1 and #2, as well as calcium-sodium hydrosulphuric sulphate-hydrocarbonate (the so-called sulphur-alkaline) water of the Gaazo-Ponomarevsky spring are used for baths, lavages, inhalations and other balneotherapeutic procedures. Calcium-magnesium sulphate-hydrocarbonate water of spring #20 is used for baths. The water of springs #4 and #17 is bottled by a local bottler as a healing water (#17) and as a healing table water (#4) under the name of Yessentuki.

Alongside with mineral waters, the medical establishments of Yessentuki uses sulphide silt muds of Tambukan Lake. Besides, climatotherapy, electrochromophototherapy, etc. are widely used. The health resort specialises in treatment of patients with diseases of digestion organs as well as those with metabolic disorder.

 

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